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Polymers attack superbugs.

Historical analysis examines sugar industry role in heart disease research

Using archival documents, a new report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine examines the sugar industry's role in coronary heart disease research and suggests the industry sponsored research to influence...

Study details Zika virus disrupting fetal brain development during pregnancy

This is a magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the fetal brain in a Zika virus infected primate. The large white region is abnormal and indicates an accumulation of fluid in the brain.For the first time, abnormal brain development following a Zika infection during pregnancy has been documented experimentally in the offspring of a non-human primate.

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How to fight drug-resistant bacteria

This year, the U.S. reported for the first time that a patient had been infected by bacteria resistant to colistin, an antibiotic of last resort. The announcement followed several years...

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COPD exacerbations lead to lung function decline, particularly among those with mild COPD

Current smokers experienced steeper FEV1 decline than former smokers.Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, are associated with significant long-term lung function loss, according to research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's...

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Prevalence of celiac appears steady but followers of gluten-free diet increase

More people are eating gluten-free, although the prevalence of celiac disease appears to have remained stable in recent years, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

New HIF-2 kidney cancer therapy more effective than current treatment, study shows

(L-R) Andrea Pavia-Jimenez, Qurratulain Yousuf, Jenny Chang, James Brugarolas, Alana Christie, Min Kim, Haley Hill, Allison Joyce, Payal Kapur.A new class of drugs called HIF-2 inhibitors is more effective and better tolerated than the standard of care drug sunitinib in treating kidney cancer, researchers with the Kidney Cancer...

Antibody reduces harmful brain amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's patients

Although the causes of Alzheimer's disease are still unknown, it is clear that the disease commences with progressive amyloid deposition in the brains of affected persons between ten and fifteen...

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People with alcohol dependency lack important enzyme

Professor Markus Heilig and Dr. Estelle Barbier, 
Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience (CSAN) at Linköping University, Sweden.A research group under the leadership of Link√∂ping University Professor Markus Heilig has identified an enzyme whose production is turned off in nerve cells of the frontal lobe when alcohol...

Mediterranean diet associated with lower risk of death in cardiovascular disease patients

28 Aug 2016: The Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of death in patients with a history of cardiovascular disease, according to results from the observational Moli-sani study...

Shifts in the microbiome impact tissue repair and regeneration

This image shows the progression of lesions and tissue resorption in planarians when exposed to pathogenic bacteria. The normal animal is to the left, while the middle animal displays a characteristic head lesion, and the animal on the right has already lost its head to bacterial infection.Researchers at the Stowers Institute have established a definitive link between the makeup of the microbiome, the host immune response, and an organism's ability to heal itself.

Termination of lethal arrhythmia with light

Dr. Tobias Brügmann Philipp Sasse of the Institute of Physiology I at the University of Bonn.A research team from the University of Bonn has succeeded for the first time in using light stimuli to stop life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia in mouse hearts. Furthermore, as shown in...

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New study finds rate of injuries among youth soccer players doubled

Soccer is an increasingly popular sport in the United States, both professionally and recreationally, with over 3 million registered soccer players under 19 years of age playing in leagues every...

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Antibody discovery could help create improved flu vaccines

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute investigators, led by Dr. Wayne Marasco, report they have discovered a type of immune antibody that can rapidly evolve to neutralize a wide array of influenza virus strains -- including those the body hasn't yet encountered.Farber Cancer Institute investigators report they have discovered a type of immune antibody that can rapidly evolve to neutralize a wide array of influenza virus strains - including those the...

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Antimicrobial chemicals found with antibiotic-resistance genes in indoor dust

University of Oregon researchers have found links between the levels of antimicrobial chemicals and antibiotic-resistance genes in the dust of an aging building used for athletics and academics.

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Electric fans may exacerbate heat issues for seniors, study finds

Dr. Craig Crandall, Professor of Internal Medicine.Using electric fans to relieve high levels of heat and humidity may, surprisingly, have the opposite effect for seniors, a study by UT Southwestern Medical Center heart specialists suggests.

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High quality evidence suggests vitamin D can reduce asthma attacks

A new Cochrane Review, published in the Cochrane Library today and presented at the ERS International Congress, has found evidence from randomised trials, that taking an oral vitamin D supplement...

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Countries across Africa, Asia-Pacific vulnerable to Zika virus, new study finds

Study author Dr. Kamran Khan of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto said that identifying where and when populations would be most susceptible to local transmission of Zika virus could help inform public health decisions about the use of finite resources.Parts of Africa and the Asia-Pacific region may be vulnerable to outbreaks of the Zika virus, including some of the world's most populous countries and many with limited resources to...

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Patients with cancer at heightened risk of injuries during diagnosis

Patients with cancer have heightened risks of unintentional and intentional injuries during the diagnostic process, reveal findings from a large study published by The BMJ today.

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Parkinson's study could pave way for early detection test

A test that can detect Parkinson's disease in the early stages of the illness has moved a step closer.

Many adults who screen positive for depression don't receive treatment

A new study suggests gaps exist in the treatment of depression with many individuals who screen positive for the mental health disorder not receiving treatment, according to an article published...

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FSU research team makes Zika drug breakthrough

Hengli Tang is a professor of biological science at Florida State University.A team of researchers from Florida State University, Johns Hopkins University and the National Institutes of Health has found existing drug compounds that can both stop Zika from replicating in...

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